Amolak Singh, MD and Raghuraman Kannan, PhD

Principal Investigators

Prasad Calyam, PhD

Department of Computer Science

Salman Ahmad, MD

Department of Surgery

Salman Ahmad, MD, (left)
and Prasad Calyam, PhD

Panacea's Cloud: Augmented reality system for mass casualty disaster triage and coordination

Communication in a mass casualty disaster scene is limited and difficult because of the absence of necessary infrastructure. As time and situational awareness are critical, the lack of an integrated technology product that allows a medical director or incident commander to evaluate the scene and strategically delegate triage responsibility leads to misdirected and delayed triage of critically injured patients, potentially causing loss of lives. According to IBISWorld 2014-Report, medical responders are a major portion of the disaster and emergency relief services market, which covers more than 3,700 businesses and is valued at $8 billion.

To meet the need for a robust, portable system that enables audiovisual communications in disaster situations, the principal investigators have developed Panacea’s Cloud, an application that provides augmented reality benefits through integration of a standardized Incident Command System (ICS) with the Internet of Things (IoT). Panacea’s Cloud allows multiple users to communicate with each other using a battery-powered hands-free wireless heads-up display (HUD) unit (e.g. Google Glass, Recon) over a stand-alone battery-powered wireless network. The use of this system, coupled with virtual beacons and QR code cards deployed around the scene, creates a resilient mesh network independent of existing infrastructure that might have been compromised in a disaster. The software features a simple video chat application and a web-based customizable Intelligent Dashboard for response team communication and prioritized coordination. Panacea’s Cloud has been evaluated in a simulated mass casualty environment to show its ease of use and effectiveness in increasing triage care levels. Testing in ambulances is planned.